Art Medal

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1968 illinois sesquicentennial medallic art co ny 999 silver medal 406 oz
$120.64
quality

1970 sir robert peel lions six corp silver art medal 1 troy ounce e1872
$97.00
quality

1974 happy new year 999 silver art medal ingot bar 1 oz troy madison ad237
$34.95
quality

first step on the moon eyewitness medal 925 sterling fine silver art bar
$39.99
quality

1994 super bowl xxviii georgia dome atlanta 2 ounce silver art medal p2517
$147.00
quality

president lyndon johnson 999 silver art bar ingot medal 1 oz troy ak365
$30.00
quality

remember 9 11 world trade center 999 silver art medal 1 oz troy usa ak367
$33.00
quality

barbados 1976 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak369
$16.00
quality

belgium 1976 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak370
$16.00
quality

afghanistan 1976 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak372
$25.00
quality

bolivia 1977 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak374
$20.00
quality

fiji 1977 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak376
$20.00
quality

finland 1977 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak377
$16.00
quality

byelorussia ssr 1977 silver art medal united nations postal stamp cover ak378
$15.00
quality

congo 1977 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak379
$20.00
quality

italy 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak381
$16.00
quality

ireland 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak382
$20.00
quality

maldives 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak383
$16.00
quality

iceland 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak384
$16.00
quality

hungary 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak385
$16.00
quality

mauritania 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak386
$20.00
quality

easter 1975 art bar 999 silver ingot medal baby chicks 1 oz troy sab af428
$35.00
quality

ivory coast 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak388
$20.00
quality

cameroon 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak389
$20.00
quality

guyana 1978 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak390
$20.00
quality

ethiopia 1979 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak391
$20.00
quality

malta 1979 silver art medal united nations fdc postal stamp cover ak392
$20.00
quality

seasons greetings 1988 art medal 999 silver holiday round 1 oz troy ak972
$30.00
quality

15 oz pope paul vi peace medallion medallic art 999 silver coin box
$79.95
quality

1969 quarter eagle 999 silver art medal walla walla bar 1 4 oz troy fine
$29.97
quality

alligator everglades national park 1972 vintage medallic art bronze coin rare
$29.95
quality

turkey smoky mountains national park 1979 vintage maco art bronze coin rare
$29.95
quality

1987 pandas two troy oz silver art medal p2361
$147.00
quality

1987 china balance of tyranny two troy oz silver art medal p2360
$147.00
quality

historic colorado mining eagle silver art medal american wildlife a3879
$89.00
quality

historic colorado mining buffalo silver art medal american wildlife a3880
$89.00
quality

1973 california water project 1 oz silver medal rare gilt version medallic art
$75.00
quality

boston tea party 999 silver art medal 200th anniversary ingot 1 oz troy ab423
$33.00
quality

1969 exploration of the moon apollo 12 999 fine silver medal art round
$100.00
quality

1995 alaska mint goldpanner proof medallion silver art medal e4703
$147.00
quality

douglas dc 9 airplane 999 silver art medal flight ingot bar 1 oz aj791
$50.00
quality

coin a rama city 999 silver art bar medal 1 oz troy hawthorne sab ku284
$35.00
quality

merry christmas happy new year 999 silver art medal round 1 oz sh251
$35.00
quality

zeppelin world of flight 999 silver art medal 1 oz ingot bar hamilton aj794
$50.00
quality

2011 medjugorje miraculous medal 1 troy oz 999 fine silver art round w1
$28.50
quality

president roosevelt 999 silver art medal round 1 oz troy ku716
$32.00
quality

1987 two oz silver art medal
$59.00
quality

liberty silver art medal
$59.00
quality

1966 annual mount marathon race alaska medallic art 999 silver coin rare
$49.95
quality

1970 horace mann medallic art co ny 999 silver medal 229 oz m2
$33.01
quality

1998 enviromint san diego padres nl champions silver art medals proof set e0355
$277.88
quality

tom kite hof 2004 pga tour partners club silver art medal a2178
$97.00
quality

nick price hof 2003 pga tour partners club silver art medal a2179
$97.00
quality

byron nelson hof 1974 pga tour partners club silver art medal a2204
$97.00
quality

historic colorado mining buffalo silver art medal american wildlife a3901
$89.00
quality

historic colorado mining buffalo silver art medal american wildlife a3902
$89.00
quality

be my valentine 1974 art bar 999 fine silver medal 1 oz great lake mint
$23.50
quality

ronald w reagan our great president silver art medal d9159
$117.00
quality

1968 food for peace freedom from hunger silver art medal d9161
$97.00
quality

1881 cc morgan one dollar reproduction copy silver art medal d9180
$57.00
quality

1882 cc morgan one dollar reproduction copy silver art medal d9204
$57.00
quality

1883 cc morgan one dollar reproduction copy silver art medal d9202
$57.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9169
$77.00
quality

1998 michael jordan five time nba mvp 24kt gp silver art medal ser 0015 d9164
$147.00
quality

2004 estados unidos mexicanos silver art medal d9150
$117.00
quality

silvertowne liberty eagle half dollar reproduction silver art medal d9172
$57.00
quality

silvertowne liberty eagle half dollar reproduction silver art medal d9173
$57.00
quality

silvertowne liberty eagle half dollar reproduction silver art medal d9174
$57.00
quality

silvertowne liberty eagle half dollar reproduction silver art medal d9175
$57.00
quality

1976 franklin mint krewe of olympia mardi gras 24kt egp silver art medal e4622
$117.00
quality

silvertowne liberty eagle half dollar reproduction silver art medal d9176
$57.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9165
$77.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9207
$47.00
quality

1986 love token silver art medal d9163
$77.00
quality

1990 american airlines inaugural silver art medal d9153
$177.00
quality

medallic art co ny 999 silver 440 troy oz 2 israel 1973 art rounds lot n 225
$123.92
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9205
$47.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9206
$47.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9208
$47.00
quality

1981 world wide mint american eagle silver art medal d9209
$47.00
quality

gerald r ford vice president silver 999 medallic art inaugural medal 47 oz
$149.00
quality


rare 1963 montreal canadian society of medallic arts medal chateau ramezay 51mm
$45.23
quality

argentina 1904 1910 old lot x3 art nouveau flying woman design revolution census
$20.00
quality

1963 heraldic art new jersey tercentenary silver medal ngc ms68 half dollar
$64.95
quality

medallic art american legion school award for god and country bronze 2 1 2 inch
$25.00
quality

medallic art 999 silver civil war centennial grant and lee let us have peace
$139.00
quality

6 vtg bronze medallic art co presidential art medals with box englewood ohio
$42.75
quality

art medal cliche of gods angels in clouds electro type not a token rare 100mm
$34.99
quality

2 medal art co american revolution bicentennial in maryland 999 silver medal
$149.00
quality

1953 ohio sesquicentennial medallic art co medal
$23.50
quality

medallic art co inspirations half of two piece bronze medal set
$49.95
quality

1964 towle medallic art pieta by michelangelo sterling silver medallion in box
$85.00
quality

switzerland dassier roman republic series art of the military medal
$60.00
quality

art nouveau agriculture farmer scattering seed silver medal by j lagrange in box
$39.00
quality

art nouveau gymnastic association of city of vichy silver plaque arthus bertrand
$59.00
quality

art nouveau marianne agriculture 1883 silver medal by hubert ponscarme
$39.00
quality

vintage copper brass art deco medal universitatis in switz swiss made by kramer
$24.99
quality

uruguay lot x2 c1920 rural farm poultry rooster cock awards art nouveau medals
$32.00
quality

uruguay 1930 lot 2 agricultural health police rural farm cattle expo art nouveau
$32.00
quality

1976 virginia independence bicentennial medallion medallic art company silver
$200.00
quality

art deco large french bronze medal by r benard
$48.00
quality

1991 rarities mint mickeys holiday treasures greetings silver art medal p2128
$24.00
quality

vintage texas precious metals tpm serialized 10 oz 999 fine silver art bar
$208.00
quality

1975 franklin mint 4 bronze calendar art medal coin medallion 9 ounces
$25.00
quality

1976 franklin mint 4 bronze calendar art medal coin medallion 9 ounces
$25.00
quality

uruguay 1919 lot 2 agricultural southamerican rural farm cattle expo art nouveau
$32.00
quality

1951 silver wright brothers ohio state high relief medallic art company medal
$54.00
quality

art nouveau 1911s romerias espaolas medal visit my store
$39.99
quality

art nouveau 1914s lady w laurels music silver medal visit my store
$99.99
quality

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History Of Murano Glass by Kevin Grinberg

The origins of glassmaking in Venice go back to the times of the Roman Empire when molded glass was used for illumination in bathhouses. Blending Roman experience with the skills learned from the Byzantine Empire and trade with the Orient, Venice emerged as a prominent glass-manufacturing center as early as the 8th century. One of the earliest furnaces for glass on a Venetian island, dating from the 8th century, was discovered by archaeologists in 1960.

By the late 1200s, the production of glass objects of the finest quality was the city’s major industry as confirmed by the establishment of the Glassmakers Guild that laid out rules and regulations for the craftsmen. The purpose of the guild was to safeguard the secrets of the trade and ensure the profitability of the industry. In line with these objectives, a 1271 law prohibited the importation of foreign glass or the employment of foreign glassworkers.

An even more radical law was passed in 1291 that laid the ground for the establishment of Murano as a premier glass-manufacturing center. This law required that all furnaces used for glassmaking be moved from Venice to Murano to avoid the risk of fire from the furnaces spreading onto the largely wooden structures of overpopulated Venice. Many historians agree that the true motive for this law was to isolate the glass craftsmen to a location where they wouldn’t be able to disclose trade secrets. A subsequent law passed in 1295 forbidding the glassmakers from leaving the city confirms this theory.

Artisans working in the glass trade were well rewarded for their efforts. They had a privileged social status, and their daughters were allowed to marry into the wealthiest and noblest of Venetian families. By applying this clever approach, Venetian government ensured that the glassmakers encouraged their offspring to carry on the trade, and that trade secrets stayed in the families and fueled creative processes leading to innovation and further success. This, along with Venice’s convenient location at the crossroads of trade between East and West, gave Venice monopoly power in manufacturing and selling quality glass throughout Europe that lasted for centuries.

15th and 16th Centuries and the Full Bloom of Glass Making

Venetian glass reached the peak of its popularity in the 15th and 16th centuries. In the 15th century, master Angelo Barovier discovered the process for producing clear glass - (cristallo) - that allowed Murano glassmakers to become the only producers of mirrors in Europe. In addition, the popularity of Chinese porcelain among European nobility fueled discovery and production of the white glass mimicking porcelain (lattimo).

Other types of glassmaking techniques became popular such as enamelling and gilding glass, which originated in the Middle East, filigrana glass which is made using glass rods with inner threads of white, golden or colored glass that are twisted or intersecting, and ice glass which appears finely crackled. Variety of shapes and colors increased, and glassware became more sophisticated though the beauty was still viewed as the simplicity of shapes and ornaments.

17th Century and the Slow Decline of Venetian Glass

Starting from the 17th century, Murano glass entered the period of gradual decline. As Venetian power grip on trade routes and its importance as a major center of commerce began to vanish, so did its monopoly power in glassmaking. New centers of the craft emerged in Bohemia, England, and France. Yet 17th century still saw innovation in Murano glass as new techniques continued to emerge driven by strong baroque trends that spread through European architecture, painting, interior decoration, and other art and craft forms.

Brightly colored, intricate glass decorations with floral and animal motives became popular. New glass techniques included avventurina (metal flecks embedded in glass for a sparkly look) and calcedonio (illusion of semiprecious stones), raised decorations on glass, and millefiori beads. These new techniques were so successful that even royal courts ordered glassware from Murano artisans. One example is King Frederick IV of Denmark who in early 17th century purchased a glass collection that is currently on display at the Rosenborg Palace in Copenhagen.
18th and19th Centuries - The Fall and the Rise

In the 18th century, the decline continued and was aggravated by worsening political climate and increased competition from the glassmakers in Bohemia and France. Some new techniques were introduced, such as engraving on glassware and mirrors, but they did not make visible impact. The industry shrunk drastically with Napoleon’s conquest of Venice in 1797 and his abolishment of all of Venice’s guilds, including the Glassmakers.

In 1814, the transfer of Venice from France to the Habsburg Empire spelled the ultimate death sentence to Murano glassmaking as Habsburg rulers preferred their native glassmaking center in Bohemia and passed laws making it prohibitively expensive to bring necessary raw materials into Murano and export the final product. As a result, almost half of the 24 furnaces that existed in Murano in 1800 shut down by 1820, and only 5 furnaces continued to produce blown glass. However, against all odds, the industry didn’t die completely ? it was kept alive by the artisans’ personal dedication to their centuries-old craft and their father’s hard work that once made Murano glass world famous.

The breakthrough came in 1854 when six Toso Brothers opened the firm Fratelli Toso that initially produced household glass items and window panes but then switched to reviving forgotten techniques of the past. Five years later, Antonio Salviati came to Venice from Vicenza where he practiced law to open a factory dedicated to production of traditional Murano glass. He saw an opportunity to revive the craft by producing tiles that could be used to restore old Venetian mosaics, and he hired the best Murano masters to work in his factory. One of his glassblowers, Lorenzo Radi, spent much time during Austrian rule rediscovering the old methods and techniques that were used to create old Venetian mosaics.

Salviati’s plan worked, and Venetian authorities soon signed a fifteen-year contract with his firm for restoration of the mosaics in St.Mark’s basilica. At around the same time, in 1861, Venice mayor Antonio Colleoni and abbot Vincenzo Zanetti decided to compile an archive dedicated to the history of Venice containing not only various writings but also objects of art produced in the city. Gathering of the objects for the archive caused renewed interest in Venice’s history, its past glory, and its famous crafts including glassmaking. This in turn prompted officials to set up a school for glassmakers where they were able to learn again the forgotten techniques and secrets of the craft.

The culminating event in reviving Murano glassblowing was the exhibition set up by the Archive in 1864 to display all the recent glass works and reignite competitive spirit among the craftsmen. On the heels of that exhibition were other international shows, such as the highly successful Universal Exposition in Paris in 1867 where Salviati exhibited over 500 works made by his firm and received international acclaim and multiple medals. This success and publicity led to complete revival of Murano, which once again became a booming economic center, employing 3,500 people by 1869, and a famous destination.
20th Century - New Identity and the Art of Murano Glass

In the beginning of the 20th century, the master glassmakers of Murano were still enamored with reproducing classical styles and rediscovering ancient techniques, which was evident at Murano and Venice Exhibition of Choice Glass and Glass Objects staged in 1895 inside Murano City Hall. The rules of the exhibition dictated that the works showcased be reproductions of antique glassware. This important event was well attended by international collectors and glass admirers who greatly appreciated the works rooted in unique Murano tradition.

The best works of Murano artists were on display; many were a product of an important glassmaking technique called Murrino (mosaic), which was rediscovered at the end of the 19th century by Vittorio Zuffi while working for Fratelli Toso. This technique originally emerged in the 16th century in an effort to imitate ancient Roman vases. Murano’s famous firm Artisti Barovier received the Honorary Diploma and the Gold Medal. Other artists enjoying popularity in Murano at the time were Salviati, Testolini, and The Toso Brothers (Fratelli Toso).

The year 1895 was also the time of the first Venice Biennial exhibition where new works of art in avant-garde and art nouveau styles were showcased. This highlighted the gap between the modern trends gaining strength in Europe at the time and the works of Murano artisans who were deeply attached to the styles and methods of the past. This gap became even more obvious at the Universal Exposition in Paris in 1900, followed by Expositions of Decorative Arts in Turin in 1902 and Milan in 1906. Some Murano artisans, like Vittorio Toso Borella, became receptive to the new winds blowing on the art scene and started to produce works in art nouveaustyle. Though he originally got mixed reviews for the works he exhibited at Ca’ Pesaro in 1909, Vittorio went on to produce masterpieces that later became universally appreciated. Ca’ Pesaro, unlike Venice Biennial, became an exhibition embracing new artistic trends and showcasing many works in art vouveau style by young artists such as Gino Rossi, Arturo Martini, and Guido Marussig. One of the artists, Vittorio Zecchin, collaborated extensively with Artisti Barovier to create designs for their famous glassware.

In the 1920s, art nouveau slowly got replaced by more modern styles with simpler, cleaner, and more functional designs. Art deco took the center stage and with it came less decorated objects with softer lines and more focus on glassware as part of interior design, not a piece of art in and of itself. A new company, Vetri Soffiati Muranesi Capellin Venini, founded in 1921 under Vittorio Zecchin as its head designer became the champion of this style.

A little later, in the late 1920s to early 1930s, another important trend arose in Murano led by Maestri Vetrai Muranesi Capellin & Co. and Vetreria Artistica Barovier. The trend was glass animals, which remain popular even today. Other important innovations championed in 1930s and continued in early 1940s were production of glass statues of female nudes and classical figures of boxers and gods, engraving on glass, modern lighting fixtures, perfectly proportioned transparent glass tableware, and the invention of vetro sommerso ? a technique allowing to produce thick glassware with one color on the outside and another on the inside.

During World War II the industry did not thrive, but as soon as the war was over the glass masters of Murano returned to their art and created pieces deeply rooted in interior design trends of that time with focus on minimalism, functionality, and simplicity. To support these trends Murano artists and artisans returned to techniques of the past such as filigree, murrino, and lattimo. From that point onwards Murano saw continued exploration of styles and techniques striving to find a happy medium between the technical mastery and the outline, color, and decoration.

The resulting continuous innovation led to a rise in popularity and to multiple prizes at various international art exhibitions. Thanks to such prominent artists as Archimede Seguso, Ludovico and Laura De Santillana, Tobia Scarpa, Ercole Barovier, Fulvio Bianconi, Toni Zuccheri, Romano Chrivi, Giampaolo Martinuzzi, and Alfredo Barbini, Murano again became known as the glassblowing capital of the world. Murano now created the art trends as opposed to following them in the years past.

Hand-crafted Murano Glass Jewelry and artwork imported directly from Venice, Italy. We offer Murano Glass jewelry, accessories, vases, pendants, necklaces, rings, art glass, chandeliers and much more. Visit http://www.glassofvenice.com

Article Source: http://www.earticlesonline.com/Article/History-Of-Murano-Glass/505238

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