Art Medal

See More About:    Silver Wildlife        Buy Gold Coins Online        Civil War        

Thanks for visiting Buy Silver Coins. Please remember to bookmark this page Art Medal. If you found what your looking for, then don"t forget to click an appreciation button above for this post.

See More About:    Numbered Hallmark        Yearissue Label        Usps Post        
The Medal Maker (Part 4 of 4)

**Please Enable JavaScript to Navigate Thru Our Listings**
**Click Here for Instructions**



silvertowne god bless america enameled silver art medal p2716
$117.00
quality

1972 tityus sterling silver art medal franklin mint d8767
$117.00
quality

1970s relay i silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8703
$79.00
quality

1970s ranger vii silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8678
$79.00
quality

1970s mariner iv silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8701
$79.00
quality

1970s mariner ii silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8679
$79.00
quality

1970s gemini 3 silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8702
$79.00
quality

1970s explorer i silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8680
$79.00
quality

1970s apollo 7 silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8705
$79.00
quality

1970s apollo 10 silver art medal franklin mint america in space d8704
$79.00
quality

international silver trade unit only god conquers silver art medal p2722
$117.00
quality

international silver trade unit only god conquers silver art medal p2723
$117.00
quality

california mint statue of liberty world silver trade unit art medal p2724
$147.00
quality

1995 silvertowne dana open house marion indiana sept 30 silver art medal p2725
$147.00
quality

state seal of north carolina 999 pure silver 132 grams medallic art co 1976
$199.00
quality

1969 landing on the moon fractional silver art medal p2673
$77.00
quality

1973 oregon mint roberto clemente hall of famer silver art medal d9160
$177.00
quality

1974 taddei tondo sterling silver art medal franklin mint d8764
$117.00
quality

1974 the medici madonna sterling silver art medal franklin mint d8763
$117.00
quality

john deere model 8100 silver art medal e4466
$117.00
quality

john deere model 8200 silver art medal e4469
$117.00
quality

john deere model 8300t silver art medal e4465
$117.00
quality

1989 silvertowne joy to the world egp silver art medal a3127
$117.00
quality

medallic art apollo 12 silver medal 999 pure silver 5oz no reserve
$84.00
quality

1982 columbia mint washington silverpiece proof silver art medal p2744
$117.00
quality

1989 american founders mint washington to bush proof silver art medal set p2742
$177.00
quality

1997 lakeview christian school marion indiana lion silver art medal p2745
$97.00
quality

2001 silvertowne bison chief proof silver art medal p2746
$97.00
quality

a day to remember wedding bells engravable silver art medal charm p2671
$57.00
quality

atlas international world commerce and trade silver art medal p2665
$117.00
quality

board of lady managers columbian fractional silver art medal p2677
$77.00
quality

roses for someone special silver art medal charm e5143
$57.00
quality

silvertowne bartholomew county proof silver art medal columbus indiana e5348
$117.00
quality

silvertowne johnson county court house silver art medal franklin indiana e5349
$117.00
quality

silvertowne the completely official 999 pure silver slug silver art medal p2663
$97.00
quality

president harry truman 999 silver art medal ingot bar 1 oz troy ae422
$39.00
quality

operation desert storm silver art medal 999 fine silver rgm enterprises 1oz
$42.99
quality

thanksgiving 1973 art bar 999 silver medal ingot 1 oz troy sab kf377
$36.00
quality

mercer raceabout 1913 car 999 silver art bar medal 1 oz troy ingot jn625
$39.00
quality

william penn 1976 bicentennial 999 silver art bar medal 1 oz bullion aa429
$40.00
quality

praying hands 999 silver art medal national mint ingot bar 1 oz aa671
$100.00
quality

panda bear eating bamboo 999 silver art medal round 1 oz troy bullion aa68
$35.00
quality

morgan lady liberty 999 silver art medal round 1 oz troy bullion aa69
$35.00
quality

washington ford 999 silver art bar medal 1 oz troy bicentennial aa95
$40.00
quality

heraeus edelmetalle hanau 999 silver art medal ingot bar 1 oz troy aa434
$35.00
quality

freedom peace truth 999 silver art medal round 1 oz troy bullion aa82
$35.00
quality

eagle 999 silver art bar ingot medal 1 oz troy sunshine minting bullion aa91
$35.00
quality

1973 franklin mint diana of anet french art silver medal a2080
$117.00
quality

1972 franklin mint victory of samothrace greek art silver medal a2102
$117.00
quality

1971 franklin mint the code of hammurabi mesopotamian art silver medal a2105
$117.00
quality

1974 franklin mint head of michelangelo italian art silver medal a2111
$117.00
quality

1983 golden state mint i love you pandas heart gold 60 silver art medal p2395
$117.00
quality

1974 franklin mint head of an amarnian princess egyptian art silver medal a2114
$117.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2654
$97.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2655
$97.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2656
$97.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2657
$97.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2658
$97.00
quality

especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2659
$97.00
quality

silvertowne especially for you heart shaped silver art medal p2703
$97.00
quality

silvertowne especially for you heart silver art medal p2394
$117.00
quality

with all my love heart shaped silver art medal p2653
$97.00
quality

1987 sorcerers apprentice walt disney proof silver art medal e2846
$117.00
quality

1987 sorcerers apprentice walt disney proof silver art medal e2847
$117.00
quality

adriatic no 31 1859 firetruck 999 silver art bar medal 1 oz troy sab kw57
$35.00
quality

1988 sorcerers apprentice 3 60 years disney proof silver art medal e2854
$117.00
quality

1988 sorcerers apprentice 3 60 years disney proof silver art medal e2855
$117.00
quality

jeff bagwell proof silver art medal highland mint mlb e2807
$77.88
quality

the fisherman 2016 hobo nickel 999 silver art medal round 1 oz bullion jr963
$38.00
quality

1970 libra september 23rd october 23rd zodiac silver art medal a0552
$117.00
quality

1972 franklin mint woman bearing offerings egyptian art silver medal a2125
$117.00
quality

1973 franklin mint the eagle of suger french art silver medal a2119
$117.00
quality

1973 franklin mint the venus de milo greek art silver medal a2120
$117.00
quality

keystone buffalo old faithful national park 1972 medallic art 999 silver coin
$59.99
quality

cook islands 2015 commemorative 999 silver art bar medal ingot 1 oz ak881
$35.00
quality

nordic creatures garm proof 999 silver round art medal 1 oz jx020
$37.00
quality

nordic creatures sleipnir proof 999 silver art medal 1 oz round jx022
$37.00
quality

franklin mint sterling silver vatican art treasures pope clement ix proof medal
$29.99
quality

franklin mint sterling silver vatican art treasures the mars of todi proof medal
$29.99
quality

franklin mint sterling silver vatican art treasures after scopas proof medal
$29.99
quality

franklin mint sterling silver vatican art treasures gideons victory proof medal
$29.99
quality


polish poland art vitruvian man leonardo da vinci medal huge medal
$35.00
quality

french medal childrens music sing paris 1882 art deco nouveau by dupuis
$24.99
quality

french silver pendant woman marianne female 1898 art nouveau by roty medal
$29.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female art nouveau by rivet
$29.99
quality

french large medal woman marianne female poitevine art nouveau by roty
$69.99
quality

french patriotic medal nude man sport 1918 wwi art nouveau pendant bazor
$34.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female helmet art nouveau by botte
$29.99
quality

french bronze large medal woman marianne female gallia bee art deco by blin
$59.99
quality

french medal woman marianne gallia female 1905 art nouveau by rasumny
$24.99
quality

french bronze medal nude woman marianne female 1909 art nouveau by pillet
$36.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female harvest art nouveau by rivet
$44.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female art nouveau deco by bertrand
$34.99
quality

french bronze medal woman marianne female horse chariot art deco nouveau
$29.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female 1904 art nouveau
$39.99
quality

french medal woman marianne gallia female art nouveau by pillet
$29.99
quality

french large medal dog dogs contest hunting art deco nouveau by demey
$69.99
quality

coors light silver bullet 999 silver art bar
$34.95
quality

zodiac sign cancer 999 silver art bar
$31.95
quality

san gabriel archangel mission 999 silver art bar
$54.95
quality

dallas tx coca cola 999 silver art bar
$59.95
quality

shreveport la coca cola 999 silver art bar
$59.95
quality

bristol va tn coca cola 999 silver art bar
$59.95
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female art nouveau by botte
$29.99
quality

french medal woman marianne france gallia female art nouveau by botte
$29.99
quality

france french nice art medal on pierre corneille engraving borrel 1873 61 grs
$75.00
quality

augustus saint gaudens 999 silver medal metal arts columbus 849 boxes coa 1961
$325.00
quality

1974 gerald ford inauguration bronze medal medallic art 70mm low mintage
$27.99
quality

1989 george bush inauguration bronze medal medallic art co 70mm low mintage
$27.99
quality

Didn"t find what your looking for? Search our real time inventory below...

Art Medal

Art+Medal
Here is a list of other products on Buy Silver Coins, come check these out:

See More About:    Mark Mcgwire        Bull Red        Coin Uncir        

History Of Murano Glass by Kevin Grinberg

The origins of glassmaking in Venice go back to the times of the Roman Empire when molded glass was used for illumination in bathhouses. Blending Roman experience with the skills learned from the Byzantine Empire and trade with the Orient, Venice emerged as a prominent glass-manufacturing center as early as the 8th century. One of the earliest furnaces for glass on a Venetian island, dating from the 8th century, was discovered by archaeologists in 1960.

By the late 1200s, the production of glass objects of the finest quality was the city’s major industry as confirmed by the establishment of the Glassmakers Guild that laid out rules and regulations for the craftsmen. The purpose of the guild was to safeguard the secrets of the trade and ensure the profitability of the industry. In line with these objectives, a 1271 law prohibited the importation of foreign glass or the employment of foreign glassworkers.

An even more radical law was passed in 1291 that laid the ground for the establishment of Murano as a premier glass-manufacturing center. This law required that all furnaces used for glassmaking be moved from Venice to Murano to avoid the risk of fire from the furnaces spreading onto the largely wooden structures of overpopulated Venice. Many historians agree that the true motive for this law was to isolate the glass craftsmen to a location where they wouldn’t be able to disclose trade secrets. A subsequent law passed in 1295 forbidding the glassmakers from leaving the city confirms this theory.

Artisans working in the glass trade were well rewarded for their efforts. They had a privileged social status, and their daughters were allowed to marry into the wealthiest and noblest of Venetian families. By applying this clever approach, Venetian government ensured that the glassmakers encouraged their offspring to carry on the trade, and that trade secrets stayed in the families and fueled creative processes leading to innovation and further success. This, along with Venice’s convenient location at the crossroads of trade between East and West, gave Venice monopoly power in manufacturing and selling quality glass throughout Europe that lasted for centuries.

15th and 16th Centuries and the Full Bloom of Glass Making

Venetian glass reached the peak of its popularity in the 15th and 16th centuries. In the 15th century, master Angelo Barovier discovered the process for producing clear glass - (cristallo) - that allowed Murano glassmakers to become the only producers of mirrors in Europe. In addition, the popularity of Chinese porcelain among European nobility fueled discovery and production of the white glass mimicking porcelain (lattimo).

Other types of glassmaking techniques became popular such as enamelling and gilding glass, which originated in the Middle East, filigrana glass which is made using glass rods with inner threads of white, golden or colored glass that are twisted or intersecting, and ice glass which appears finely crackled. Variety of shapes and colors increased, and glassware became more sophisticated though the beauty was still viewed as the simplicity of shapes and ornaments.

17th Century and the Slow Decline of Venetian Glass

Starting from the 17th century, Murano glass entered the period of gradual decline. As Venetian power grip on trade routes and its importance as a major center of commerce began to vanish, so did its monopoly power in glassmaking. New centers of the craft emerged in Bohemia, England, and France. Yet 17th century still saw innovation in Murano glass as new techniques continued to emerge driven by strong baroque trends that spread through European architecture, painting, interior decoration, and other art and craft forms.

Brightly colored, intricate glass decorations with floral and animal motives became popular. New glass techniques included avventurina (metal flecks embedded in glass for a sparkly look) and calcedonio (illusion of semiprecious stones), raised decorations on glass, and millefiori beads. These new techniques were so successful that even royal courts ordered glassware from Murano artisans. One example is King Frederick IV of Denmark who in early 17th century purchased a glass collection that is currently on display at the Rosenborg Palace in Copenhagen.
18th and19th Centuries - The Fall and the Rise

In the 18th century, the decline continued and was aggravated by worsening political climate and increased competition from the glassmakers in Bohemia and France. Some new techniques were introduced, such as engraving on glassware and mirrors, but they did not make visible impact. The industry shrunk drastically with Napoleon’s conquest of Venice in 1797 and his abolishment of all of Venice’s guilds, including the Glassmakers.

In 1814, the transfer of Venice from France to the Habsburg Empire spelled the ultimate death sentence to Murano glassmaking as Habsburg rulers preferred their native glassmaking center in Bohemia and passed laws making it prohibitively expensive to bring necessary raw materials into Murano and export the final product. As a result, almost half of the 24 furnaces that existed in Murano in 1800 shut down by 1820, and only 5 furnaces continued to produce blown glass. However, against all odds, the industry didn’t die completely ? it was kept alive by the artisans’ personal dedication to their centuries-old craft and their father’s hard work that once made Murano glass world famous.

The breakthrough came in 1854 when six Toso Brothers opened the firm Fratelli Toso that initially produced household glass items and window panes but then switched to reviving forgotten techniques of the past. Five years later, Antonio Salviati came to Venice from Vicenza where he practiced law to open a factory dedicated to production of traditional Murano glass. He saw an opportunity to revive the craft by producing tiles that could be used to restore old Venetian mosaics, and he hired the best Murano masters to work in his factory. One of his glassblowers, Lorenzo Radi, spent much time during Austrian rule rediscovering the old methods and techniques that were used to create old Venetian mosaics.

Salviati’s plan worked, and Venetian authorities soon signed a fifteen-year contract with his firm for restoration of the mosaics in St.Mark’s basilica. At around the same time, in 1861, Venice mayor Antonio Colleoni and abbot Vincenzo Zanetti decided to compile an archive dedicated to the history of Venice containing not only various writings but also objects of art produced in the city. Gathering of the objects for the archive caused renewed interest in Venice’s history, its past glory, and its famous crafts including glassmaking. This in turn prompted officials to set up a school for glassmakers where they were able to learn again the forgotten techniques and secrets of the craft.

The culminating event in reviving Murano glassblowing was the exhibition set up by the Archive in 1864 to display all the recent glass works and reignite competitive spirit among the craftsmen. On the heels of that exhibition were other international shows, such as the highly successful Universal Exposition in Paris in 1867 where Salviati exhibited over 500 works made by his firm and received international acclaim and multiple medals. This success and publicity led to complete revival of Murano, which once again became a booming economic center, employing 3,500 people by 1869, and a famous destination.
20th Century - New Identity and the Art of Murano Glass

In the beginning of the 20th century, the master glassmakers of Murano were still enamored with reproducing classical styles and rediscovering ancient techniques, which was evident at Murano and Venice Exhibition of Choice Glass and Glass Objects staged in 1895 inside Murano City Hall. The rules of the exhibition dictated that the works showcased be reproductions of antique glassware. This important event was well attended by international collectors and glass admirers who greatly appreciated the works rooted in unique Murano tradition.

The best works of Murano artists were on display; many were a product of an important glassmaking technique called Murrino (mosaic), which was rediscovered at the end of the 19th century by Vittorio Zuffi while working for Fratelli Toso. This technique originally emerged in the 16th century in an effort to imitate ancient Roman vases. Murano’s famous firm Artisti Barovier received the Honorary Diploma and the Gold Medal. Other artists enjoying popularity in Murano at the time were Salviati, Testolini, and The Toso Brothers (Fratelli Toso).

The year 1895 was also the time of the first Venice Biennial exhibition where new works of art in avant-garde and art nouveau styles were showcased. This highlighted the gap between the modern trends gaining strength in Europe at the time and the works of Murano artisans who were deeply attached to the styles and methods of the past. This gap became even more obvious at the Universal Exposition in Paris in 1900, followed by Expositions of Decorative Arts in Turin in 1902 and Milan in 1906. Some Murano artisans, like Vittorio Toso Borella, became receptive to the new winds blowing on the art scene and started to produce works in art nouveaustyle. Though he originally got mixed reviews for the works he exhibited at Ca’ Pesaro in 1909, Vittorio went on to produce masterpieces that later became universally appreciated. Ca’ Pesaro, unlike Venice Biennial, became an exhibition embracing new artistic trends and showcasing many works in art vouveau style by young artists such as Gino Rossi, Arturo Martini, and Guido Marussig. One of the artists, Vittorio Zecchin, collaborated extensively with Artisti Barovier to create designs for their famous glassware.

In the 1920s, art nouveau slowly got replaced by more modern styles with simpler, cleaner, and more functional designs. Art deco took the center stage and with it came less decorated objects with softer lines and more focus on glassware as part of interior design, not a piece of art in and of itself. A new company, Vetri Soffiati Muranesi Capellin Venini, founded in 1921 under Vittorio Zecchin as its head designer became the champion of this style.

A little later, in the late 1920s to early 1930s, another important trend arose in Murano led by Maestri Vetrai Muranesi Capellin & Co. and Vetreria Artistica Barovier. The trend was glass animals, which remain popular even today. Other important innovations championed in 1930s and continued in early 1940s were production of glass statues of female nudes and classical figures of boxers and gods, engraving on glass, modern lighting fixtures, perfectly proportioned transparent glass tableware, and the invention of vetro sommerso ? a technique allowing to produce thick glassware with one color on the outside and another on the inside.

During World War II the industry did not thrive, but as soon as the war was over the glass masters of Murano returned to their art and created pieces deeply rooted in interior design trends of that time with focus on minimalism, functionality, and simplicity. To support these trends Murano artists and artisans returned to techniques of the past such as filigree, murrino, and lattimo. From that point onwards Murano saw continued exploration of styles and techniques striving to find a happy medium between the technical mastery and the outline, color, and decoration.

The resulting continuous innovation led to a rise in popularity and to multiple prizes at various international art exhibitions. Thanks to such prominent artists as Archimede Seguso, Ludovico and Laura De Santillana, Tobia Scarpa, Ercole Barovier, Fulvio Bianconi, Toni Zuccheri, Romano Chrivi, Giampaolo Martinuzzi, and Alfredo Barbini, Murano again became known as the glassblowing capital of the world. Murano now created the art trends as opposed to following them in the years past.

Hand-crafted Murano Glass Jewelry and artwork imported directly from Venice, Italy. We offer Murano Glass jewelry, accessories, vases, pendants, necklaces, rings, art glass, chandeliers and much more. Visit http://www.glassofvenice.com

Article Source: http://www.earticlesonline.com/Article/History-Of-Murano-Glass/505238

Other Items People View After These Listings About